Poetry is the communicating of experience through words that illuminate a greater significance by leting the reader to see the universe in a new visible radiation. In that same manner, the linguistic communication of Charles Dickens ‘s fresh Great Expectations is poetic because it allows the reader to see the calamities of the characters as though the calamities are happening in his life. In this paper, I will analyze Dickens ‘s composing manner in Great Expectations in footings of the traditional elements of poesy. I will analyse Dickens ‘s usage of imagination, symbol, word picture, and sarcasm. I hope to show how Dickens ‘s composing manner achieves a sense of poetic prose.
Dickens ‘s usage of imagination allows the reader to leap into a character ‘s head and go a portion of the character. To go a character, the reader must first sense what the character is feeling and see what the character is seeing. Imagery allows the reader to make merely that by painting a image in the reader ‘s head. A mental image gives the reader a sense of the ambiance of a scene. For case, when Pip reunites with Estella for the last clip, “ the Moon [ begins ] to lift, and [ Pip thinks ] of the quiet expression at the white ceiling, which [ has ] passed off, ” and “ of the force per unit area on [ his manus ] when [ he spoke ] the last words he had heard on Earth ” ( Dickens 379 ) . Pip is reminded of the deceasing minutes of Magwitch, a male parent figure in his life, and the feeling of purdah is portrayed through the image of a lifting Moon. In some senses, the scene assures the reader that Great Expectations is a Gothic love affair.
The ambiance implied by imagination can frequently give the reader a prefiguration of what will go on and who will look. Foreshadowing is an component of literature that gives the novel more exhilaration because as the reader reads, there are legion inquiries that appear which make him funny. When Herbert leaves on a concern trip, there is a “ deplorable conditions ; stormy and moisture, stormy and moisture ; mud, clay, clay, deep in all the streets ” ( Dickens 245 ) . The conditions conveys to the reader that the ambiance is glooming and lay waste toing which foreshadows that something black is doomed to go on. As the reader continues on, he is pulled into the narrative by the visual aspect of uninterrupted inquiries about what will happen.
Dickens explores imagery farther with a elaborate description of “ Satis House, ” Miss Havisham ‘s house. It is important to hold some cognition of what Miss Havisham ‘s house looks like because that is the topographic point where Pip ‘s escapades begin and end. Having the power to picture an image of an “ oppressive, ” “ moistness, ” and “ airless ” room where “ cobwebs, ” “ black fungus, ” “ dust, ” “ mould, ” and “ spiders ” exist in every small corner takes a great trade of imaginativeness ( Dickens 65 ) . Dickens uses his imaginativeness to let the reader to see the ambiance of a room with an deduction that all signifiers of life are nonextant. Twenty-five old ages before Pip arrives, Miss Havisham ‘s bosom turns to lapidate 20 proceedingss before nine when her fiance betrays her. From that twenty-four hours on she has ne’er seen the visible radiation of twenty-four hours to the extent that others consider her dead. On the topic of being able to do others see images they normally do non see, Vendler writes that “ inventive people have the gift of doing others see the universe as they see it ” ( Vendler xli ) . Dickens uses his gift to demo others another facet of life, under his visible radiation.
While imagination allows the reader to see mental images and foreshadow events, symbol contributes to the greater significance of the work. Dickens ‘s word pick is dramatic because his words have more significances than meets the eyes. Poetry is non easy understood through the words of the poet but “ is the orphan of silence ” ( Simic cited in Rios, 8 ) . As the orphan of silence, the text of poesy contains a concealed significance. Dickens, a poet who writes in prose, besides disguises significances in his text. For case, when Miss Havisham is about burned to decease by the fire, Pip is afraid that “ if [ he ] allow her travel, the fire would interrupt out once more and devour her ” ( Dickens 315 ) . Dickens is non merely utilizing fire as a noun, but implies that the fire is the Satan. Replacing fire with devil agencies that Pip would be giving Miss Havisham ‘s life to the immoralities of the universe and to the grave.
Through old ages of experience, poets get a library of vocabulary that contributes to the usage of symbol. Dickens ‘s usage of symbol shows how much experience he possesses. He besides reveals that symbol non merely has a actual significance but a nonliteral 1 every bit good. When Pip states that “ since [ he ] foremost came ” to Miss Havisham ‘s house, “ [ Estella has ] beenaˆ¦ on the river, on the canvass of the ships, on the fens, in the clouds, in the visible radiation, in the darkness, in the air current, in the forests, in the sea, ” and “ in the streets ” ( Dickens 285 ) . He does non truly intend on the river and in the clouds because each word represents an thought. The river represents life, the canvass represent dreams and hopes, the fens represent poorness, the light represents goodness, the darkness represents evil, and the sea represents experience. To derive the ability to construe the soundless significance of the text, the reader must see many lucks and bad lucks every bit good as read multitudes of book.
The images and symbols in Dickens ‘s Great Expectations convey the elements of poesy of the linguistic communication, thereby leting word picture to take topographic point. The word picture in the fresh gives each character a distinguishable personality and yesteryear. When Pip enters Jaggers ‘s “ twisted ” and “ distorted ” office, he sees “ uneven objects, ” “ a broken caput, ” “ an old rusty handgun, ” a blade, ” “ strange-looking boxes, ” “ two awful dramatis personaes, ” “ faces particularly swollen, ” “ brass nails, ” “ a casket, ” and “ a one-eyed gentlemanaˆ¦ against the wall ” ( Dickens 127 ) . The scene portrays that everything is out of topographic point and gives the reader an feeling of what the proprietor of the room is like. From the image of the scene, Jaggers ‘s character is implied to be as deformed and distorted as his office is seen to be.
Through the usage of word picture, Dickens introduces another type of character that exists in Pip ‘s universe to the reader. Miss Havisham is non an ordinary adult female but a adult female with a heartbreaking yesteryear. A individual ‘s past frequently haunts them for a life-time and, in Miss Havisham ‘s instance, she turns out to be a monstrous character. When Pip visits Miss Havisham, “ she [ draws ] an arm around [ Pip ‘s ] cervix, and [ draws his ] caput near down to hers as she [ sits ] in the chair ” and repeatedly susurrations “ love her, love her, love her ” in his ears ( Dickens 187 ) . As the reader reads these lines, icinesss go down his dorsum in incredulity of Miss Havisham ‘s being. Although those features are eccentric and unnatural, they captivate the reader and act as a hook to maintain the reader reading. To be able to compose in such a bewitching manner, Dickens “ [ possesses ] two endowments: one is imaginativeness, the other is command of linguistic communication ” ( Vendler xli ) . Dickens ‘s command of linguistic communication allows him to maintain the reader excited and do him desire to cognize more about the distorted characters.
Imagery, symbol, and word picture are devices that allow the sarcasm in Dickens ‘s prose to run. Dickens uses sarcasm to give the novel a complete turn of events which pulls the reader into the narrative. After being called common by Estella, Pip decides that “ [ he wants ] to be a gentleman ” which deepens the sarcasm in Pip ‘s life ( Dickens 99 ) . The gentleman he wants to go is a adult male who lives by making nil all twenty-four hours. In order to delight Estella and fulfill his desire to carry through his hopeless phantasy, he will turn himself into a worthless adult male whose lone plus is money. Pip ‘s naA?ve character is altered by the immoralities of the universe and this contamination gives him the experience to cover with life. On the topic of accomplishing experience, Perrine writes that “ experience comes to us mostly through the senses ” ( Perrine 49 ) . Indeed, experience is gained by seeing events and experiencing emotions.
Possibly it is the calamity in the sarcasm of Great Expectations that makes the novel so appealing. Pip does non see this sarcasm even though it is right before his eyes. When Pip meets Molly, “ a certain action of her fingers as she [ speaks apprehensions his attending ] ” and the reader ‘s attending ( Dickens 305 ) . He does non recognize it so but the actions of Molly ‘s fingers really much resemble Estella ‘s. It seems as though Pip and Estella ‘s lives are being played around with by destiny. Estella, non cognizing her birth, is invariably being controlled by Miss Havisham and grows up to go a adult female with no softness and no bosom. Pip, believing that Estella is born of high category, strives for her manus in matrimony merely to recognize that she is the girl of a inmate and a liquidator. The sarcasm in Pip ‘s life turns the narrative in a wholly different way which intrigues the reader and makes Great Expectations even more captivating.
Charles Dicken ‘s Great Expectations is written in prose manner that has all the elements of poesy. So, even though it is a drawn-out novel, it is ne’er boring because the elements of poesy add exhilaration and intent to the novel. Through Pip ‘s long journey, the reader is no longer merely reading the lines but is “ transformed into the hesitating talker ” ( Vendler xliii ) . The reader is no longer the reader but takes on a new function as one of the characters. Dickens ‘s prose is written in a manner that engages the reader so much that the experiences become every bit graphic as they are in world. The reader of Great Expectations experiences Pip ‘s calamities as if the reader is Pip.